Graduate student colleagues are denoted with a * and undergraduate colleagues are underlined. Click on the links to download pdfs. If you can not access the pdf, please email ( with a request.

2023. Madeleine Hagood*, Joseph Alexander, Marianne E. Porter. submitted to Integrative and Comparative Biology; February, 2023.

2023. Danielle Ingle, Eliza Perez, Marianne E. Porter, and Christopher Marshall. Feeding without teeth: Rhamphotheca material properties from two species of durophagous sea turtles. Royal Society Open Science. accepted January 2, 2023.

2022. Aubrey Clark*, Marianne E. Porter, Tricia L. Meredith. Morphometric analysis of the elasmobranch olfactory rosette. Journal of Morphology.

2022. Marianne E. Porter, Andrea V. Hernandez, Connor R. Gervais*, Jodie L. Rummer. 2022. Aquatic walking and swimming kinematics of neonate and juvenile epaulette sharks. Integrative and Comparative Biology.

2022. E.W. Misty Paig-Tran, Marianne E. Porter, Lara A. Ferry, Lisa B. Whitenack. How to build a shark: Biomechanics and Bioinspiration. Chapter 3 in Jeff C. Carrier, Colin A. Simpfendorfer, Micheal R. Heithaus, and Kara E. Yopak (eds) Biology of Sharks and their Relatives, Third Edition. CRC Press. Find the book here. Let me know if you need CH 3.

2022. Stephen M. Kajiura, John C. Loyer, C.R.*, Marianne E. Porter. Swimming kinematics of Caribbean reed shark, Carcharhinus perezi. Journal of Fish Biology. DOI: 10.1111/jfb.15035

2022. Alejandro Martinez, Ph.D.; Jason DeJong; Idil Akin; Ali Aleali; Chloe Arson; Jared Atkinson; Paola Bandini; Tugce Baser; Rodrigo Borela; Ross Boulanger; Matthew Burrall; Yuyan Chen; Clint Collins; Douglas Cortes; Sheng Dai; Theodore DeJong; Emanuela Del Dottore; Kelly Dorgan; Richard Fragaszy; J. David Frost; Robert Full; Majid Ghayoomi; Daniel Goldman; Nicholas Gravish; Ivan Guzman; James Hambleton; Elliot Hawkes; Michael Helms; David Hu; Lin Huang; Sichuan Huang; Chris Hunt; Duncan Irschick; Hai Lin; Bret Lingwall; Allen Marr; Barbara Mazzolai; Benjamin McInroe; Tejas Murthy; Kyle O’Hara; Marianne Porter; Salah Sadek; Marcelo Sanchez; Carlos Santamarina; Lisheng Shao; James Sharp; Hannah Stuart; Hans Henning Stutz; Adam Summers; Junliang Tao; Michael Tolley; Laura Treers; Kurtis Turnbull; Rogelio Valdes; Leon van Passen; Gioacchino Viggiani; Daniel Wilson; Wei Wu; Xiong Yu; Junxing Zheng. In Press. Bio-inspired Geotechnical Engineering: Principles, Current Work, Opportunities and Challenges. 2022. Geotechnique. 72 (8): 687-705.

2022. Danielle Ingle* and Marianne E. Porter. Vertebral trabecular bone mechanical properties vary among functional groups of cetaceans. Integrative and Comparative Biology,

2021. Cassandra M. Donatelli, Alexus S. Roberts, Eric Scott, Kylene DeSmith, Dexter Summers, Layanne Abu-Bader, Emily M. Standen, Marianne E. Porter, Adam P. Summers, and Eric D. Tytell. Foretelling the flex- vertebral shape and swimming kinematics in elongate fishes. Integrative and Comparative Biology; Published June, 2021. Integrative and Comparative Biology, icab110,

2021. Caitlin Shea-Vantine*, Katherine Galloway*, Danielle Ingle*, Marianne Porter, Stephen Kajiura. Stingray spine puncture performance. Published 14 May 2021. Integrative and Comparative Biology, icab077,

2021. Lydia F. Naughton, Sebastian Kruppert, Beverly Jackson, Marianne E. Porter, Cassandra M. Donatelli. A Tail of Four Fishes: An analysis of kinematics and material properties of elongate fishes. Published 06 May, 2021. Integrative and Comparative Biology, icab060,

2021. Katherine Galloway* and Marianne Porter. 2021. Predator- prey interactions examined using lionfish spine puncture performance. Integrative Organismal Biology. Published January 27, 2021.

2021. Danielle Ingle* and Marianne Porter. 2021. Variation in the microarchitecture of cetacean vertebral trabecular bone is influenced by swimming mode and diving behavior. Journal of Anatomy.

2020. Marianne E. Porter; C.R.*, and Stephen M. Kajiura. 2020. Volitional swimming in blacktip sharks, Carcharhinus limbatus, in the Wild. Drones.

2020. Sarah Hoffmann*, Thaddaeus Buser*, and Marianne Porter. 2020. Comparative Morphology of Shark Pectoral Fins. Journal of Morphology. 1-16.

2020. Katherine A. Galloway*, Delanie Frazier, and Marianne E. Porter. 2020. Dermal modifications of the red lionfish (Pterois volitans). Journal of Experimental Zoology Part A.

2020. Danielle N. Ingle* and Marianne E. Porter. 2020. Mechanical properties of manatee vertebral bone vary along the length of the column and over development. The Journal of Experimental Biology. 223:jeb213009; doi:10.1242/jeb.213009; Published 16 March 2020.

2019. Sarah L. Hoffmann* and Marianne E. Porter. 2019. Body and Pectoral Fin Kinematics During Routine Yaw Turning in Bonnethead Sharks (Sphyrna tiburo). Integrative Organismal Biology.

2019. Danielle N. Ingle*, Erik D. Espana*, Ryan Bruellman*, Katherine A. Galloway*, Tanner H. Anderson*, Tricia L. Meredith, and Marianne E. Porter. 2019. Lesson: It’s a bird! It’s a plane! It’s biomechanics! CourseSource.

2019. Danielle N. Ingle*, Ryan Bruellman*, Erik D. Espana*, Katherine A. Galloway*, Tanner H. Anderson*, Tricia L. Meredith, and Marianne E. Porter. 2019. Science Behind the Lesson: It’s a bird! It’s a plane! It’s biomechanics! CourseSource.

2019. Katherine Galloway and M.E. Porter.  2019. Mechanical properties of the venomous spines in Pterois volitans and morphology among lionfish species.  The Journal of Experimental Biology. 222, jeb197905. doi:10.1242/jeb.197905

2019. Hoffmann, SL; C. Donatelli*, S.C. Leigh*, E.L. Brainerd, and M.E. Porter. 2019. Three-dimensional movements of the pectoral fin during yaw turns in the Pacific spiny dogfish, Squalus suckleyi. Biology Open.
Featured First person interview with Dr. Sarah Hoffmann (

2018.  Ingle; DN, LJ. Natanson, and ME. Porter. 2018. Mechanical behavior of shark vertebral centra at biologically relevant strains.  The Journal of Experimental Biology.

2018. Kazemi, A., S.L. Hoffmann*, S.M. Warren, O.M. Curet, and M.E. Porter.  2018.   Effects of shark head morphology on the wake structure. Flow Control Conference Paper.  AIAA Aviation Forum. AIAA-2018-4251.

2018. Natanson, L., G. Skomal, S.L. Hoffmann*, M.E. Porter, K. Goldman, and D. Serra. 2018. Age and growth of elasmobranchs: do vertebral band pairs record age?  Marine and Freshwater Research.

2018. Creager, S.B.* and M.E. Porter. 2018.  A comparative study on the mechanical properties of shark skin.  Zoology.  126:154-163.

2017. Hoffmann, S.L.*, S.M. Warren, and M.E. Porter. Hammerhead shark species modulate swimming amplitude or frequency depending on cephalofoil shape.  2017.  The Journal of Experimental Biology. 220 (18): 3336-3343.
JEB cover (  

2016. Porter, M.E.; R.H. Ewoldt, and J.H. Long Jr.  Automatic control: the vertebral column of dogfish sharks behaves as a continuously variable transmission with smoothly shifting functions.  2016. The Journal of Experimental Biology. 219: 2908-2919.
Featured article in Inside JEB.

Academic year 2014-2015: stopped my tenure clock for parental leave, didn’t sleep much, but it was wonderful!

2014.  Porter, M.E., C. Diaz Jr., J.J. Sturm, S. Grotmol, A.P. Summers, and J.H. Long, Jr.  2014.  Built for speed: Strain in the cartilaginous vertebral columns of sharks.  Zoology.  117: 19-27.

2014.  Roberts, S.F., J. Hirokawa, H.G. Rosenblum, H. Sakhtah, A.A.. Gutierreze, M.E. Porter, and J.H. Long Jr.  2014.  Testing biological hypothesis with embodied robots: adaptations, accidents, and by-products of evolution in vertebrates.  Frontiers in Robots and AI.  November.  1:1-16.

– Joined the faculty at Florida Atlantic University in 2014.

2013.  Siciliano, A.M., J.H. Long Jr., S.M. Kajiura, and M.E. Porter.  2013.  Are you positive?Electric dipole polarity discrimination in the yellow stingray, Urobatis jamaicensis.  The Biological Bulletin.  225: 85-91.

2011.  Porter, M.E, C.M. Rogue, and J.H. Long 2011.  Body form and posture mediate angular head speed during yaw turning in sharks.  Zoology.  114: 348-359.

2011. Long, J.H., Jr., T.J. Koob, J.T. Schaefer, A.P. Summers, K. Bantilan, S. Grotmol, and M.E.Porter. 2011.  Inspired by sharks: a biomimetic skeleton for the flapping, propulsive tail of an aquatic robot.  Marine Technology Society Journal.  45(4): 119-129.                   –The Marine Technology Society is a not-for-profit, international, professional association.  Founded in 1963, the Society believes that the advancement of marine technology and the productive, sustainable use of the oceans depend upon the active exchange of ideas between government, industry and academia. See

2011. Long, J.H., N. Krenitsky, S.F. Roberts, J. Hirokawa, J. de Leeuw, and M.E. Porter. 2011.Testing biomimetic structures in bioinspired robots.  Integrative and Comparative Biology.  51(1): 158-175.

2011. Flammang, B.E. and M.E. Porter. 2011.  Bioinspiration: Applying mechanical design to experimental biology.  Integrative and Comparative Biology.  51(1): 128-132.

2011. Rosenblum, H.G., J.H. Long Jr, and M.E. Porter. 2011.  Sink and swim:  kinematic evidence for axial undulatory and lifting-body mechanisms in negatively-buoyant electric rays (Narcine brasiliensis).  The Journal of Experimental Biology. 214: 2935-2948.

2010.  Long, J.H. Jr., M.E. Porter, R.G. Root, and C.W. Liew. 2010.  Go Refigure: How fish change shape as they swim and evolve.  Integrative and Comparative Biology.  50 (6): 1120-1139.

2010. Krishnamurthy, P., F. Khorrami, J. de Leeuw, M.E. Porter, K. Livingston, and J.H. Long. 2010.  An electric ray inspired biomimetic autonomous underwater vehicle. In Proceedings of the American Control Conference pages 5224-5229.

2010. Porter, M.E. and J.H. Long Jr. 2010.  Vertebral arches or centra?  The compressive load bearing skeleton of the gray smooth-hound shark (Mustelus californicus).  Journal of Morphology.  271 (3): 366-375.

2009. Krishnamurthy, P., F. Khorrami, J.R. de Leeuw, M.E. Porter, K. Livingston, and J.H. Long Jr. 2009.  A multi-body approach for 6DOF modeling of biomimetic autonomous underwater vehicles with simulation and experimental results. In Control Applications, (CCA) & Intelligent Control, (ISIC), 2009 IEEE, 1282-1287.

2009. Porter, M.E., C. Roque, J.H. Long. 2009.  Turning maneuvers in sharks: predicting body curvature from vertebral morphology.  Journal of Morphology.  270: 954 – 965.

2007.  Porter, M.E., T.J. Koob, and A.P. Summers. 2007.  The contribution of mineral to the material properties of vertebral cartilage from the smooth-hound shark Mustelus californicus.  As featured in: The Journal of Experimental Biology.  210: 3319 – 3327.  Mineral Provides Material Benefit. 2007. Inside JEB feature.

2006.  Porter, M.E., J.L. Beltrán, T.J. Koob, and A.P. Summers. 2006.  Material properties and biochemical composition of mineralized vertebral cartilage in seven elasmobranch species (Chondrichthyes).  The Journal of Experimental Biology.  209: 2920 – 2928.

2005.  Mueller, R.C., C.M. Scudder, M.E. Porter, M.E., R.T. Trotter III, C.A. Gehring, and T.G. Whitham. 2005.  Differential tree mortality in response to severe drought: evidence for long term vegetation shifts.  Journal of Ecology.  93: 1085 – 1093. 

2001. Porter, M.E. and M.J.C. Kearsley.  2001.  The response of Tamarix to experimental flows in Grand Canyon.  Hydrology and Water Resources in Arizona and the Southwest.  31: 45 – 50.